SVT-38 Rifle for Phoenix Command

SVT-38 Semi-Automatic Rifle



This is my second version of the Soviet SVT-38 rifle. If anyone has additions or comments, please let me know.

Bibliography:

  • Palokangas, Markku: Military Small Arms in Finland. Third Volume - Foreign Weapons. Vammalan kirjapaino, Vammala 1991
  • Stepakov, Viktor and Orehov, Dmitri: Paraatimarssi Suomeen - Talvisota venäläisten silmin. Werner Soderstrom Osakeyhtiö, Porvoo 1992.

    Stats:

    Samozarjadnaja Vintovka Tokareva obr. 1938 g.
     7.62x53 mm 
     USSR
    
     Length:           48.2 in  (122.5 cm)    
     Barrel:           24.4 in  ( 62.0 cm)    
     Sight radius:     22.0 in  ( 55.9 cm)  
     Rate of fire:        - rpm            
     Weight unloaded:   9.3 lbs (  4.2 kg)   
     Weight of mag:     1.1 lbs (  0.5 kg)
    


    SVT-38
     7.62x53 mm 
     USSR
    
     Length:           48.2 in  (122.5 cm)    
     Weight unloaded:   9.3 lbs (  4.2 kg)   
    
     RT:     8
     ROF:    *
    
     Cap:    10 mag
     AW:     1.1 lbs (0.5 kg)
    
     KD:     12
     SAB:    7
    
    
     Aim Time:           
          
        1    -23    
        2    -12
        3     -9    
        4     -7    
        5     -6    
        6     -5    
        7     -4    
        8     -3    
        9     -2    
       10     -1    
       11      0    
    
    
     Ballistic Data: 
                 10   20   40   70  100   200   300   400
        m/08 PEN 21   19   17   15   13   7.8   4.7   2.9
              DC  8    8    8    8    8     7     7     6
        m/30 PEN 24   23   22   21   19    15    12   9.4
              DC  8    8    8    8    8     7     7     6
        *JHP PEN 23   23   21   20   19    15    22   9.0
              DC 10   10    9    9    9     9     8     8
          AP PEN 34   33   31   29   27    21    17    13
              DC  8    8    8    8    8     7     7     6
    
              BA 63   56   48   41   36    27    21    17
             TOF  0    0    1    2    2     5     8    11
    

    The Red Army was always interested in increasing the firepower available to its troops. Whereas most nations went into WWII using bolt-action rifles only, the Soviets had developed and fielded two modern, automatic rifles. These rifles used the same ammunition as the standard m/1891-30 rifle. The Red Army's first automatic rifle was the selective fire AVS-36 which did not prove satisfactory. Because of its highly complicated construction the AVS had a tendency to jam and a solution was sought by the commissioning of a semi-automatic rifle which was to be as simple as possible. F.A. Tokarev's SVT-38 entered production in mid- 1939 and was discontinued in late 1940 when the SVT-40 became available.

    In appearance the SVT-38 is almost identical to the SVT-40 included in the World War II Weapons Data Supplement. The rifle could be fitted with an 18.9 inch (48 cm) bayonet. After the Winter War a 4x scope became available for sniper work.

    The SVT-38 was primarily intended for increasing a platoon's firepower, a few men would be armed with SVTs and the rest with standard rifles. But in some special units, such as the elite ski brigades which operated in Ladogan Karelia in early 1940, the SVT would completely replace bolt-action weapons. No large unit of the Finnish Army would reach this level of firepower until the introduction of the RK 62 assault rifle in the mid-Sixties. The Soviet leadership was understandably very excited about the new rifles. Stalin himself declared that one soldier armed with an automatic rifle was equal to ten men with ordinary weapons. The SVT-38 did however require meticulous maintenance in the field:

    The SVT rifle suffered from numerous malfunctions under field conditions, especially if snow or sand got to the bolt. Our soldiers disparaged the gun's designers.
    Lieutenant R. R. Tshernoshei
    37th Motorized Infantry Division

    The Finnish Army captured about 4000 AVS-36 and SVT-38 rifles during the Winter War alone. The gun was well-liked by Finns and remained in training use until 1961.



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