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Please note that these pages are about BRAZILIAN PORTUGUESE, not European Portuguese
 
Revisão 18th de outubro
Nouns Substantivos

Gender

Nouns have two genders:

Some nouns (professions, persons, animals) have both masculine and feminine form (E.g. a amiga and o amigo, a irmã (sister), o irmão (brother)).


Masculine

Usually words ending in -o are masculine.

Words ending in -ão are exceptions.


Feminine

Usually words ending in -a are feminine.

Exceptions are words borrowed from Greek (-ema, -ama and -oma, e.g. um telegrama, um sistema) and professions
(um jornalista ).

Words ending in -ção, -são, -stão or -gião are feminine (e.g. a televisão)

Words ending in -dade, -gem, -ie or -tude are feminine (uma mensagem, uma cidade)

  1998-03-02   journalista >> jornalista   Thanks Pedro S.




Number: plural

Usually just add -s when the words ends with a vowel unless the word ends in -ão (os carros, as praias).

If the word ends in consonant other than l or m, add -es (o português, os portugueses*).

If the word ends in s and the stress is not on the last syllable, the plural is the same as singular (o lápis, os lápis).

If the word ends in m, the plural is formed with -ns (o homem, os homens).

If the word ends in -ão, the plural is usually formed with ending -ões (a televisão, as televisões), in some cases -ães (o cão, os cães) and sometimes -ãos (o irmão, os irmãos)

If the word ends in -al, -el, -ol or -il, the plural is correspondingly formed with endings -ais, -éis, -óis and -is. If the -il ending is not stressed, the plural is formed with ending -eis instead of -is.

*The way the word is pronounced changes when -es is added to make the plural, thus the circumflex ("^") is missing in plural.


Forming feminine

Under construction
Em obras

 

 

Latest update: 1998-10-18 (YYYY-MM-DD)
Please email corrections to
marko.huuhilo@sci.fi