Finnish Junkyard

Grenades


Practice grenade

Picture above: Yellow color in Finnish army indicates practice material. This grenade is made especially for training and it is similar to Finnish m32 stick grenade by size. Earlier army has also used wooden models that have been closer to German m17 stick grenade.

Left picture: Russian blank grenade, "Korits". This model is practice grenade from m1914. It uses 7.62 x 53r blank cartridges. There are also models that are made of solid metal.

Right picture: Practice grenade attached to the belt of a Finnish soldier during maneuver.



Finnish m32 stick grenade (offensive)

Metal parts in Finnish stick grenades are made by Oy Excelsior Ab and G. W. Sohlberg and fuses are made by Oy Sytytin. Finnish stick grenades are assembled in AV3 in Kuopio. This grenade weights 480 g, length is 290 mm and fuse time is 5 - 5.5 seconds. Fuse model is s35.



Finnish m32 oval and drop shaped egg grenades (defensive)

These grenades are made to be multi-purpose grenades. By adding tail and special fuse these could be used as mortar ammo. For these grenades have been made mortars, rifle grenade launching cups and some special bunker destroying rifles. The fuses used in these are syt. MS/40, syt. 32 (in the pictures) and syt. K/39. Fuse time is 5 - 6 seconds depending on the used fuse. Both grenades weight 490 g, the length of the oval grenade with fuse is 138 mm and the drop shaped is 140 mm.



Finnish m41 stick grenade (offensive)

This grenade has new fuse MS/41 that is simpler than m32. The carrying hook is left out. The grenade weights 480 g and the length is 287 mm. Fuse time is 5.5 sec.



Finnish m41 egg grenade (offensive)

Actually this is almost like the warhead in m41 stick grenade. The fuses used in this grenade are syt. MS/40 and syt. K/39. It weights 280 g and the length without fuse is 81.2 mm. This model is still in use with modified fuses M/61 and M/83.

Finnish m41 and m43 egg grenade (defensive)

All shell used in Finnish defensive egg grenades are made by Rauta- ja metallivalimo. The fuses used in this grenade are syt. MS/40 and syt. 32. The length with fuse 32 is 137 mm and it weights 690 g. M43 is similar to m41 except little modifications in attaching the top part. This model is still in use with modified fuses M/61 and M/83.

Finnish anti-tank hand grenade

Soldiers used plenty of self-made satchel charges but there were also factory-made ones. There were 3 and 4 kg charges and the stick was from Finnish m32 stick grenade. These grenades have two carrying hooks. The 4 kg grenade is 380 mm and 3 kg is 410 mm long.



Incendiary bottle m/34 ("Molotov's Cocktail")

In 1937 Captain Eero Kuittinen tried different mixtures and igniters to use in Molotov's Cocktail. He ended up to use 12 cm long storm matches that burned 60 seconds as igniters. In 1934 style 500 ml booze bottle were mixture that included 20 cl tar and the rest was fuel. The fuel could be wood alcohol or gasoline or both. Tar was necessary for the smoke and to give a better grip. The cap was made of aluminum and later bakelite. During Winter War Oy Alko Ab bottled 500 000 Molotov's Cocktail.

Blinding bottle m/44

The neck of this bottle was shaped to get a better grip. At the bottom of the bottle was a place for glass igniter. The bottles were made by Riihimäen Lasi Oy in 1944. The bottles were filled with kind of tarry liquid that made blinding smoke when it burned.

Boxes for grenades

The first two boxes are for egg grenade 41 both defensive and offensive ones. The box holds 20 grenades. The boxes below are for stick grenades 32 and 41. This box holds 15 grenades. Both boxes as made of wood.

Foreign grenades in Finland 1918 - 44

Short overview to common foreign grenades used in Finland.

Egg hand grenade m15, "Eierhandgranate 17" (defensive)

This grenade weights 275 g and length without fuse is 67 mm. Fuse time is 5.5 seconds. Origin German.



Stick grenade m17, "Stielhandgranate 17" (offensive)

The fuse time of this grenade is 5.5 - 7.5. It is 360 mm long and the explosive charge weights 200 g. Origin German.



Stick grenade Sa/39, "Stielhandgranate 24 and 39" (offensive)

The length of this grenade is 360 mm and it's fuse time is 4.5 seconds. Origin German.


Finland bought 500 000 hand grenades from Germany during Continuation War.


Egg grenade Sa/39, "Eierhandgranate 39" (offensive)

This grenade weights 190 g and it is 76.5 mm long without fuse. It's fuse time is 4.5 - 5.5 seconds. Origin German.



30 rifle fragment grenade - 41, "Gewehr-Sprenggranate" (defensive)

This grenade is actually 30 mm rifle grenade and it could be used as hand grenade. It's fuse time is 5 seconds, it weights 275 g and it is 142 mm long. Origin German.



Egg grenade Mörner, "Handgranat m/40" (offensive)

This grenade blows up when it hits the ground so there is no fuse time. It weights 300 g and it's length is 104 mm. Origin Swedish.

Egg grenade F, "F-1" (defensive)

The weight of this grenade is 570 g and it's length without fuse is 90 mm. The fuse time is 5 - 6 seconds. The same fuses could be used with this grenade than with O.F. Origin French.

Picture in right is taken from a Finnish manual and it shows how to remove the safety pin from automatic fuse m1916 b.

Egg grenade O.F. (offensive)

This grenade weights 190 g and the length without fuse is 84 mm. The fuse time is 5 - 6 seconds. The grenade in left has m/35 fuse and the one in right has m/16 fuse. Origin French.



Egg grenade Lemon, ball shaped, "No. 15 Mk. I" (defensive)

The fuse time is 4 - 5 seconds, it's weight is 755 g and the length without fuse is 75 mm. The fusing functions by the same principle as matches, so it needs separate scratching plate. Origin British.



Egg grenade Lemon, oval shaped, "No. 16 Mk. I" (defensive)

The fuse time is 4 - 5 seconds, it's weight is 500 g and the length without fuse is 97 mm. The fusing is similar to the grenade above. Origin British.

Egg grenade Mills, "No. 23 Mk. III" (defensive)

The fuse time of this grenade is 4.5 seconds, it's weight is 670 g and the length is 96 mm. Origin British.

Egg grenade U (offensive)

This grenade blows up when it hits the ground so there is no fuse time. The throwing style for this grenade is special. The weight is 260 g and it is 89 mm long. Origin Hungarian.
Finland captured 161 000 Soviet hand grenades during wars.

Stick grenade m14 (offensive)

This grenade's weight is 635 g and length is 234 mm. The fuse time is 4 - 5 seconds. Origin Soviet.

Stick grenade m14 - 30 (offensive/defensive)

This grenade is similar to m14 with few small changes. A fragmentation sleeve could be attached to this model when needed. The measurements are same as in m14 but the weight is 810 g with sleeve. Origin Soviet.

In the picture in left is shown the extension charge that could be attached to the top of m14 grenade. The extension charge has strings to help the grenade to get stuck to a barbwire etc. when it is used clearing obstacles.

Stick grenade 33, "RGD-33" (offensive/defensive)

This grenade has also a removable fragmentation sleeve. The weight without the sleeve is 500 g and with sleeve 750 g. The fuse time is 3.5 - 4 seconds and it is 190 mm long. Origin Soviet.


Egg grenade F-1 (defensive)

This is similar to French F-1 from 1915. The weight is 530 g. The fuse time is 3.5 - 4 seconds and it is 120 mm long (with uzrg type fuse). Origin Soviet.

Egg grenade sy v (incendiary grenade)

This grenade is set on fire like a match and it burns and heats up to 3000º C degrees. The weight is 300 g and it's height is 60 mm. Origin Soviet.

Anti-tank grenade 33

The stick if from RGD 33 stick grenade. The weight of the explosive charge is 1 kg. The length of this grenade is 240 mm. Origin Soviet.

Anti-tank grenade 41

The length of this grenade is 200 mm and it's weight is 1.1 kg. Origin Soviet.


Egg grenade RG-42

This grenade is designed in 1942 to be an emergency relief. It was made in several Soviet tin factories. Origin Soviet.
Also models 1912 (the picture in right) and 1915 (the picture in left) were used in Finland but they have been only in minor use. Origin Soviet.

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